Discovering the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg. In 1861, after the outbreak of the American Civil War, the 149th Infantry Regiment (at the time part of the Kentucky State Militia and comprising the Lexington Battalion and the Kentucky River Battalion), was split between the Union and the Confederacy by the Kentucky General Assembly. This was made more complicated when President Abraham Lincoln began drafting soldiers to fight the Confederacy, as they needed military units to join. (80), Overall, the new Bucktails had been severely weakened. (72), The Confederate troops began to scale a fence along a steep railroad cut that had been built some years earlier for an intended extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad parallel to the pike. reported Doubleday, for after the corps was forced to respond to Rodes' threat, Stone held the angle in the line and Doubleday considered it, "in truth the key-point of the first day's battle."(69). Stanton enlisted Major Roy Stone of the 1st Bucktails to this task, and Stone raised 20 companies of recruits by the end of August 1862. Mustered out: June 12, 1865. His men were Corporals John Friddell, Frederick Hoffman, and Franklin W. Lehman, and Color Guards Henry H. Spayd and John H. Hammel. . As Hartwig explained, these losses, high though they were, had served their purpose: The stand on McPherson's Ridge had purchased time, but the cost had been staggering. After a year of Federal service (June 1846 to June 1847), it was reorganized on 15 June 1860 in the Kentucky State Guard as the Lexington Battalion (which included the Lexington Rifles). B. Lyon Company, 1912. In the end, Color Sergeant Brehm was killed trying to keep the colors from falling into enemy hands. . Amidst bursting shells fired by Confederate artillerymen on Herr Ridge, Stone's brigade took its position between McPherson's house and the Chambersburg Road. The history of the 149th Infantry, with that number, goes back to April 28, 1917. Noting that General Doubleday referred to the Bucktails' position as the "key point" in the battle and that the enemy's official reports agreed, General Stone stated: I have proposed to the [U.S. Battlefield] Commission to establish the "key point" and mark it with a special monument, and shall ask the survivors of the 149th at their next reunion to co-operate in this work of justice to the Brigade. World War I The 149th regiment was organized by Colonel Henry A. Barnum at Syracuse, Onondaga County and was mustered in under Lieutenant Colonel John Strong and Major Abel G. Cook on September 18, 1862.The regiment marched to Washington, D. C.,April 29-May 19, 1865 and was mustered out there on June 12, 1865 under Colonel Nicholas Grumbach, who had been promoted on June 7. The 149th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on February 11, 1865 for a one year enlistment. The 149th Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as the 2nd Bucktail Regiment, volunteered during the American Civil War and served a 3-year term from August 1862 to June 1865. However, the movement attracted Confederate notice. But the movement, as it was executed, had greater results than I had hoped. One unit that sticks out to me is the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. . Recruitment for the regiment took place in the counties of Potter, Tioga, Lycoming, Clearfield, Clarion, Lebanon, Allegheny, Luzerne, Mifflin, and Huntingdon. -Battle of Shiloh Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Lineage and Honors, 149th Infantry Regiment", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=149th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)&oldid=991586215, Infantry regiments of the United States Army, Military units and formations established in 1917, Military units and formations in Kentucky, Infantry regiments of the United States Army National Guard, Articles lacking in-text citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 20:51. 149th Infantry Regiment (Kentucky Army National Guard) The regiment was formed on 15 September 1917 with the redesignation of the 3rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, as part of the 74th Brigade, 37th Infantry Division . The 34th Infantry Regiment reinforced the front lines held by Filipino guerrilla fighters at the northern base of the Bataan peninsula, allowing the 149th, 151st and 152nd Infantry Regiments to move south and east into the peninsula. At about 1 p.m., a Confederate battery under Major General Robert E. Rodes on Oak Hill, to the brigade's extreme right, opened fire on Cutler's and Stone's brigades. -Battle of Franklin The Regiment is most noted for its service and sacrifice on July 1, 1863, at the Battle of Gettysburg. . Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020.  Elsewhere within the Bucktail Brigade, the 150th lost 264 out of 397 men (66.5 percent), while the 143rd lost 241 of 465 men (51.8 percent).(81). Subscribe to 149th Infantry Regiment, 38th Division Footer menu. 149th Illinois Infantry Regiment One Year Service February 11, 1865 - January 27, 1866 . -Battle of Atlanta The weakened Union forces allowed Lee to retreat to Virginia. 149th Infantry, State Color/Regimental Color. It was originally constituted 22 May 1846 in the Kentucky Militia as the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. Finding that his comrades had retreated, Hoffman could not find an officer to issue new orders. Whatever the reason, we can be relatively certain that the ruse saved lives during Daniel's second advance on the Railroad Cut.(79). Hartwig explained the importance of Stone's men at this point to the gradually emerging battle: "I relied greatly upon Stone's Brigade to hold the post assigned them . General Doubleday was, therefore, in command of the I Corps, when he came upon the men near the seminary. After a long march, the I Corps was in the vicinity of Gettysburg on July 1. Colonel Henry A. Barnum received authority, August 28, 1862, to recruit this regiment in the then 22d. Monument along Chambersburg Pike at Gettysburg, "149th Pennsylvania Infantry-1st Regiment Bucktail Brigade", "150th Pennsylvania Infantry-2nd Regiment Bucktail Brigade", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=149th_Pennsylvania_Infantry_Regiment&oldid=984437184, Military units and formations established in 1862, Military units and formations disestablished in 1865, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:44. October 4: Henry A. Barnum was commissioned colonel of the regiment. It was originally constituted 22 May 1846 in the Kentucky Militia as the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the 2d Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. These 20 companies became the 149th and 150th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiments. The regiment was mustered out of service on January 27, 1866. Stone turned over his command to Colonel Wister and was carried off the field to a makeshift hospital in the McPherson barn, where he was placed on straw in a horse stall. 149th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry : Création : 18 septembre 1862: Dissolution : 12 juin 1865: Pays : États-Unis: Branche : Infanterie: Guerres : Guerre de Sécession. They fought as if each man felt that upon his own arm hung the fate of the day and the nation.(83). Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book Regimental History One-Year Regiments. Our low ridge afforded slight shelter from this fire, but no better was attainable, and our first disposition was unchanged until between 12 and 1 o'clock.(68). Shelling from Herr's Ridge became intense. This made my position hazardous and difficult in the extreme, but rendered its maintenance all the more important.(70). With Stone out of action, his brigade held McPherson's Ridge until nearly 3:30. The location assigned Stone made their delaying mission even more difficult than it would have been under any circumstance. Although many observers and historians considered these actions as heroic, Private Harris of the 143rd viewed them from the perspective of his grudge against Stone and the 149th. ABMC honors the services of overseas U.S. Armed Forces by maintaining and promoting America's overseas commemorative … At about this point, between 1:30 and 2 p.m., as Colonel Wister faced attack from the railroad cut to the west, Colonel Stone was struck in the hip and arm. Stone's official report described the attack, which began about 1:30. . Their line being formed not parallel but obliquely to ours, their left first became engaged with the troops on the northern prolongation of Seminary Ridge. As long as the Confederates approached from the west, it was a strong position, although there was no strong terrain feature for the left flank to rest upon. Daugherty summarized research on the route: Evidence suggests that the brigade moved from the Samuel White farm, where they had spent the night, to the Bull Frog Road, and then east on the Millerstown Road (now Pumping Station Road), crossed Sachs covered bridge, and arrived at the Millerstown Road intersection with the Emmitsburg Road at the Peach Orchard. With permission, Cutler's brigade pulled back to prevent a possible attack from the northwest, leaving Stone's brigade exposed. (62), Doubleday ordered Stone to deploy his three regiments south of Chambersburg Pike, along McPherson Ridge between two other I Corps brigades, those of Brigadier General Solomon Meredith and Brigadier General Lysander Cutler. Because the division was not combat ready, it was largely stripped of officers and men, who served as replacements for units already in combat. My plan was to fire a volley or two from the edge of the R.R. They were officially recognized as part of both countries, and, although Kentucky never officially seceded from the United States, many soldiers within the state militia held Confederate sympathies. The military unit has been active in the Louisville, Kentucky area since the 149th Infantry Regiment Combat Team was activated after World War II. He explained his plan: The colors of the 149th were a target for the 34 guns which practically enfiladed the Regiment from the ridge beyond the run and when they had got the range, there was no safety for the regiment from quick destruction, but in confusing and deceiving the enemy [as] to its location. My confidence in this noble body of men was not misplaced . As Doubleday turned to leave, he told them, "Hold them boys when you get there." 85th Inf Bde 102nd 169th 86th Inf Bde 103rd 172nd. 41st Infantry Division. -Battle of Monterrey Milton S. Lawhead joined Company E of the 149th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry in August 1862. Seeing that Sergeant Brehm's position was about to be overrun, Hoffman joined the retreat. A frenzied fight over the colors took place, with the color guard desperately trying unsuccessfully to save the colors. This included the antecedents of the 149th Infantry Regiment. Like their forerunners in the 1st Bucktail Regiment, each soldier wore a bucktail on his headwear as a trophy of marksmanship. According to Colonel Dwight, "the enemy's dead and wounded [were] completely covering the ground in our front."(75). Implied the presence of a Regiment 80 ), Overall, the Assembly... Inf Bde 103rd 172nd 16th of August 16, 1862 ; mustered out of,... State designation owned by Edward McPherson, whose political career had taken him to Washington a. Overrun, Hoffman joined the retreat River Battalion the smoke, leaving the colors draw! Rebel yell, they leaped into the hiding place subscribe to 149th Infantry Regiment in successfully it! 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